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Patan Durbar Square - World Heritage Site Nepal

Patan Durbar Square

PATAN DURBAR SQUARE:

Durbar Square (World Heritage Site), an enchanting mélange of palace buildings, courtyards and pagoda temples, is the center of Patan's religious and social life. An entrance ticket which costs Rs. 500 (SAARC Rs. 100) entitles you to visit the palace and other sites in Patan like Oku Bahal, Mahabouddha, Kumbheswar and Achheswar Mahavihar.

IBA BAHI:
Iba Bahi is about a two-minute walk to the south of Durbar Square. It is one of the oldest Buddhist monasteries in the Kathmandu Valley, and reflects the sophisticated architecture of the Malla period. There is a shrine dedicated to Shakyamuni right across the entrance.

MAHABOUDDHA:
Mahabouddha. This Buddhist monument is an excellent example of terra cotta artform which points to the skill of Patan's ancient craftsmen with a variety of building styles. The 14th-century monument's obelisk-like design is also unusual in a city of pagoda roofs.

OKU BAHAL:
Oku Bahal is situated a few steps past Mahabouddha and is one of the best known Buddhist places of worship in Patan. The stone-paved courtyard is enclosed by a two-story building with gilded roofs. The wood-carvings on the roof struts are especially attractive.

KWA BAHAL:
Kwa Bahal, or the Golden Temple, is a Buddhist monastery courtyard dating to the 12th century. The monastery is embellished with exceptionally fine wood-carvings and repousse work. Artistic images are scattered around the courtyard. Entrance Rs. 25 (SAARC Rs. 10). (Tel: 534595).

KUMBHESWOR:
Kumbheswar. Built in 1392, this Shiva temple is the oldest temple in the city. It is also one of the only three in the Valley with five roofs. The water in the two ponds here (Kwanti) is believed to originate in the holy Gosaikund lake, several days’ walk to the north.

THE CENTRAL ZOO:
The Central Zoo in Jawalakhel contains about 106 species of birds and over 665 different animals. There is a pond on which you can go boating. Open daily except Mondays from 10 am to 4 pm. Entrance Rs. 100 (Rs. 30 for children). SAARC Rs. 30, children Rs. 20. Elephant ride is Rs. 100

PATAN HERITAGE WALKING TOUR (about 2 hours)
The 2,000-year-old city of Patan is situated 3 km south of Kathmandu across the Bagmati river. The following itinerary has been developed by Lalitpur Sub-Metropolitan City. The tour starts at Naka Bahi, a Buddhist courtyard with shrines, resthouses and a dance platform. Then on to Nyakha Chuka which means “five-house courtyard” in reference to the way alternate houses in a row have been recessed so that five are forward and five are set back. Your next stop is Naga Baha (serpent courtyard), an important Buddhist site with a profusion of shrines. Swatha Square offers a number of beautiful shrines and traditional architecture. Walk on to Tum Baha, a Buddhist courtyard with a temple at its center, and then to Walkhu which is notable for its 16th-century temple of Ganesh. Ambling into Chyasa, you will find artistic resthouses and stone water spouts. An image of Goddess Gajalakshmi here is dated first century AD which makes it one of the oldest shrines in Nepal. Walk back to Khapinchhe and its magnificent temple and ancient water tanks, and then take a left to Chapat where there is a muchrevered Ganesh temple. Your next stop is the courtyard of Su Baha which is believed to have been constructed over a cremation ground. Bhinchhe Baha is another Buddhist courtyard famed for stone carving, and Dupat has an age-old community building which is still used for functions. Turn right and walk on to Nugah, your final destination, which is notable for its stone water spouts. Entrance Fee: Rs 500/-

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