Pashupatinath Temple is revered as one of the most important pilgrimages sites for Hindu devotees all around the world. The temple lies in Gaushala of Kathmandu. According to the Hindu religion, Pashupatinath is considered as the protector of the universe and the patron deity of Nepali people. Hundreds of throusands of Hindu devotees from across the world come to Nepal to visit the temple. While Nepali and Hindu devotees desire to visit the temple for religious purpose, foreign tourist get attracted toward small temples and the sculpture of various gods and goddesses within the shrine. Wooden sculpture, statues, and different carvings dedicated to the Hindu god, Shiva, as well as other deities represent the temple's richness in art. Them temple lies on the bank of the sacred Bagmati river while aryaghat, a place built for cremating the bodies of Hindus, also lies near.
A carnival like scene can be seen here during the Shivaratri festival. It is one of the important festivals dedicated to Lord Shiva. Hundreds of thousands of Hindu devotees from different parts of Nepal as well as India come to visit the temple on the occasion of Shivaratri. Apart from this, the temple wintesses a heavy turnout of devotees during Haribodhini Ekadashi, Balachaturdashi and Teej. Festival observed by Nepali women. Likewise, devotees of Lord Shiva throung the temple on every Saturday and Monday.
It is said that the phallic symbol of Lordshiva known as Shivalinga was set up by Suryananshi Lichchhavi King Sapushpadev in ancient time. The sacred temple has been listed in the UNESCO's world heritage site. Non-hindu are strictly prohibited from entering the temple which lies as a distance of just 2 km from the international airport.
SHIVA RATRI FESTIVAL:
During the Shivaratri festival Pashupatinath temple glows with lights of lamps glows throughout the night and the temple remains open all night. Thousand of devotees take ritual baths in the Bagmati river on the day of the festival and observe a sages from different parts of Nepal and India come here on the occasion of Maha Shivaratri.
In August, during the Teej festivl, thousands of women holy waters of the Bagmati river because this ritual is meant to bring a long and happy marriage, many women dress in red saris, which are traditionally worn for wedding ceremonies.
Full moon and New moon days are also considered auspicious to visit the temple.