Bhaktapur, Located about 20 km east of Kathmandu in the Kathmandu Valley, Bhaktapur is known as the 'City of Devotees', the 'City of Culture', the 'Living Heritage', and 'Nepal's Cultural Gem'. It is one of the 3 royal cities in the Kathmandu Valley. The others are Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, and Patan. Bhaktapur is filled with monuments, most terra-cotta with carved wood columns, palaces and temples with elaborate carvings, gilded roofs, open courtyards. The city is dotted with pagodas and religious shrines. Lying along the ancient trade route between India and Tibet, Bhaktapur is surrounded by mountains and provides a magnificent view of the Himalayas.
BHAKTAPUR Durbar Square: This former royal palace complex offers the elegant 15th-century Palace of 55 Windows, artistic courtyards, the Golden Gate, a masterpiece in repousse art, and an entrancing medley of pagoda temples scattered all over. The most important of all the tourist sites in bhaktapur, Bhaktapur Durbar Square is renowned as one of the most attractive destination for Nepali as well as international tourists. The area is called "Layaku" in Newari language. Ancient temples and shrines, sculptures and historical heritage sites constructed in different eras carry the identity of this city.
TAUMADHI SQUARE: Taumadhi Square lies to the east of Durbar Square reached by a brick-paved lane. The fiveroofed Nyatapol temple (built in 1702) here soars gracefully into the sky from atop a five-story plinth. The stairway leading up to the temple is flanked with stone figures of deities and mythical beasts.
DATTATREYA TEMPLE:Tachapal Square or Dattatreya, at the hub of a maze of streets lined with richly ornamented houses, presents an entrancing ambiance. The heart of uptown, it is the original center of Bhaktapur. The Peacock Window is set into the wall of a Hindu monastery here known as Math.
POTTERY SQUARE: A two-minute walk to the south of Durbar Square brings you to Bolachhen, also known as Potters’ Square. Here you can watch potters molding wet clay into different kinds of earthenware. It has a display of fresh pottery left out to dry in the open.
SIDDHA POKHARI: Siddha Pukhu, a pond dating to the Lichhavi period (350-750 AD), is better known as Ta-Pukhu, meaning big pond. It is a tranquil enclave in the city where you can let your tensions drain away as you watch the fish and admire the stone images of different Hindu and Buddhist gods.
55 WINDOWS PALACE: The 55 windows palace is one of the most imprtant work of art in Bhaktapur Durbar Square. the three storied palace has a gracious setting and beautifully carved sculptureal designs on windows and doors. The palace was built by King Bhupaindra Malla in the 17th century. It has a goden gate and small temples within its premises, popular as an ornament of Bhaktapur all over the world.
NYATAPOL TEMPLE: Five Storied TempleThe tallest and most impressive pagoda styled temple of Nepal, Nyatapol is situated at word number 11 of Bhaktapur Municipality. This beautiful temple made of clay bricks and wood, is considered one of the finest architectural masterpieces of Nepal. Inside the temple, an idol of deity. Siddhilaxmi, who is the manifestation of wealth, has been installed. it is said that the temple survived the ravage of the major earthquake in1933 (Excedpt some monor damge to the celiling of the fifth floor)This huge temple was built by King Bhupatindra Malla during the 16th century. According to the follore, the King himself had carried bricks like a laborer for the construction of the temple. Struts, doors and windown of the temple are embellished with attractively carved divine figures portraying divine stories. It is believed that the elephant above the stroung man standing on the front is ten times powerful than the man and it contubyes as deoucted there, Thus, the temple clearly prtrays creative traditionb of Newar craftsmen.
THE PEACOCK WINDOW: The Peacock Window is one of the popular tourist destinations situated in Dattararya of Bhaktapur. It was built in the 15th century by the king Yaksha Malla and has attractive artistice design. the Peacock Window is located in the second floor of Pujari shrine near the main temple of Dattatraya. it is the largest shrine among the several present in Bhaktapur. Soldiers and Royal officials close to the King Haksha used to live there. One can observe many kinds of artistic shapes in this historical shrine. Each and every window and door here has got different artistic design which is the main feature of this buiding. it is believed that carpenters involved in the construction of this shrine might have competed with each other. The entire woodwork used in the building belonged to the 15 century. The bricks used in the shrine were rep;laced as the previous ones got destryoed in the earthquake. Peacock is a beautiful and wild bird. Hindus worship peacock as the vehicle of God Kumar whereas Buddhists as the vehicle of Abhitav Buddha. Peacocks dance on a lovely that whoever watches the dance of peacock will have favourable and fruitful time. that is why a peacick window might have been built during the regime of Yaksha Malla so that time will famour the town's people. this building is a museum of ancients handicrafts and paintings for a close observation with a fixed fee for the public. the museum remains closed on Tuesday and Public Holidays.